Arthritis: Causes and Treatment

Arthritis is a painful condition which is marked by inflammation in the joints resulting in stiffness and severe pains at the joints.

Osteoarthritis is the most type of arthritis. It worsens with age and may be caused by wear and tear at the joints over a long period.

Where two bones meet in the body is referred to as joints. Joints coordinate movements of different parts of the body.

ArthritisPeople who are victims of arthritis experience pains and discomfort. Pain between Joints is called arthralgia. Polyarthritis refers to arthritis involving more than four joints.  Oligoarthritis refers to arthritis involving two and three joints. Monoathritis on the other hand involves only one joint.

According to health journals, there are over one hundred different types of arthritis, each with peculiar features and methods of treatments. However, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types of arthritis.

The symptoms of arthritis vary and develop over a period of time. Arthritis is prevalent in older people; especially those who are more than 65 years. It has however been reported in rare occasions in adults and teens. Women and people who are overweight also have higher risks of developing arthritis.

Arthritis must be detected at the early stages to prevent it from deteriorating. You should visit your doctor if there are signs of pains in the joints. Your doctor will carry out series of tests to diagnose the condition.

Once arthritis is confirmed, getting treatment is the next important thing. Arthritis can be combated with early treatment.

Illicit use of analgesics without expert recommendations and previous history of accidents or injuries to the joints are some of the risks factors for arthritis especially as the individual grows older.

What are the causes of Arthritis?

Several causes of arthritis have been identified. Joints between bones are filled with cartilages which absorbs the pressure and shock generated when the individual moves around. Arthritis occurs when there is a reduction in the amounts of cartilages between joints.

People with family history of arthritis are at risks of developing the disease. Arthritis is also suspected to be caused autoimmune disorders where cells of the immune system attacks body cells. The series of attacks affect the synovium which produces the fluid that lubricates the joints.

Common symptoms of arthritis include pains in the joints, stiffness, and swellings at the joints. At the onset of arthritis, movement of the joints becomes hindered. A redness appearance may also be seen around the joints.

These symptoms worsen in the morning when the individual wakes up. Other symptoms include loss of appetite, fever, anemia and deformity of the limbs when left untreated.

Treatment for Arthritis

There are different approaches to treating arthritis. In many cases, each of the symptoms is treated separately.

Analgesics or painkillers are used to relief symptoms of pains. They are best taken before each day’s activities to lessen the pains you may experience. You may also use analgesics intermittently when the pains come up.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) lower stiffness and swellings at the joints.  They also provide quick relief from pains. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be used only when recommended by your doctor. They should be used for the shortest time possible because of their side effects on the digestive system.

Prolonged use of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also raises your risks of heart attacks and stroke. This is why they must not be bought and used over the counter.

A lot of physical therapies for arthritis can also be used to treat symptoms of arthritis. Hydrotherapy involves series of exercises carried out inside a pool. These exercises lower pressures on the muscles and joints.

Physiotherapy greatly improves general fitness and strengthens the muscle. It involves specific exercises that are designed to promote conditions of the joints.

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