Children’s vision is essential to their success in school and other activities they partake in. Eye problems are common among school-age kids. According to Prevent Blindness America, one in four school-age children has vision problems that, if left untreated, it can affect the learning ability, personality, and adjustment of such kid in school.
Children spend a lot of time in recreational and sporting activities that require good vision. Whereas playing won’t be fun if they struggle to see well
Signs of Eye Problem in Children
Most times, vision problems in children aren’t obvious, and the best way to detect issues like this early is through vision screenings.
Eye problems in children may be caused by problems such as infection, cataracts, or other issues.
However, warning signs of eye problem in children may include:
- Rubbing eyes a lot
- Closes or covers one eye
- Tilts head forward
- Has trouble reading or holds objects close to eyes to see
- Blinks more than usual or seems cranky when doing close-up work
- Things are blurry or hard to see
- Squints eyes or frowns
Other symptoms are;
- Sensitivity to light
- Bulging or Jiggly eyes
- Droopy eyelids
- White, yellow, or gray-white material in the pupil
If any of the above vision diseases symptoms are suspected, then the child needs to be examined by a primary care physician or children’s health service,
List of Common Eye Problems in Children
This is also known as lazy eye, it reduces vision in an eye which leads to misalignment, if detected early, amblyopia generally responds well to treatment. However, if detected after 9-10 years of age, amblyopia is much more difficult to treat and the child is prone to permanent vision loss.
Astigmatism is a condition in which objects at both far and near always appear blurred. Astigmatism usually occurs with myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness).
Childhood Tearing (Epiphora)
Childhood epiphora is often detected soon after the birth of a baby, but can also be acquired later. It usually occurs as a result of blockage of the tear drainage system.
Cortical Visual Impairment
Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a condition where the vision is lost due to any abnormality of the visual center in the brain. The eyes are normal, but the brain visual interpretation center does not function properly and this prevents normal vision.
Abnormalities in the visual system can happen during the development of the fetus. An example of developmental abnormalities includes coloboma, microphthalmia (small eye), and optic nerve hypoplasia. These abnormalities often leads to vision loss
Double vision (diplopia) is usually caused by misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), which causes one to see an object in two different places at the same time. Many conditions can lead to Double vision and should be evaluated early
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a condition where a person can see far objects clearly than near objects. Hyperopia can be hereditary. Infants and children are typically somewhat farsighted, but the condition improves as the eye grows.
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a condition where a person can see near objects clearly than far objects. Excessive myopia in children can lead to lazy eye. Holding objects very close and squinting may indicate signs of myopia.
A cataract is a cloudiness or pacification of the lens of the eye. The cataract can interfere with light passing to the retina and thereby cause blurred vision. Cataracts are typically associated with older adults, but can also occur at birth or during childhood.
Children’s Eye Test
An eye test can be conducted for children at any stage. However, it is recommended that children should be tested early before starting school so that any possible vision problem can be detected early and can be managed effectively.
The earlier a vision problem is detected the better the chance of it being successfully treated.
Role of kid’s Eyeglasses
The type of glasses a kid needs depends on the type of vision problem he is having. Below are some important roles an eyeglass plays for children with eye problems
- It provide better vision, so that a child may function better in school
- It helps to straighten the eyes when they are misaligned (strabismus)
- It helps to strengthen the vision of the lazy
- It provide protection for one eye if the other eye has poor vision