A disease that normally results in diarrhoea and vomiting after an individual eats or drinks liquids contaminated with specific parasites, bacteria, chemicals (toxins), or viruses can best be described as what is food poisoning. The most popular signs and symptoms of food poisoning are diarrhoea and vomiting. Other symptoms that could associated with food poisoning include cramps and/or abdominal pain as well as fever. Severe signs and symptoms could be diarrhoea over three days, dehydration, blood in stools or vomit, and neurologic symptoms such as blurry vision, weakness, and an abnormal sensation of the body like tingling, numbness (paresthesias), or burning.
Stomach Flu And Food Poisoning
Stomach flu, also known as gastroenteritis, is an infection of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly the intestines or stomach. It is a term that talks about a type of food poisoning though the term is also used to describe stomach inflammation and irritation as a result of infection, involving non-food related infections.
The causes of food poisoning can be traced to a lot of agents such as parasites, chemicals (toxins), as well as viral and bacterial strains.
The prevention of food poisoning is very important and this is dependent on maintaining the cleanliness of food preparation areas, cooking foods well in addition to proper hand washing.
Foods that are popularly associated with food poisoning are as follows:
iv.) Raw fruits and Vegetables (normally not washed before the affected person takes it)
vii.) Unpasteurised milk or other fluids
Duration: The duration of food poisoning could be from few hours after being exposed to the contaminated food or fluid to many days.
Food poisoning diagnosis is based on the symptoms of food poisoning. However, in strong cases of food poisoning stool tests, blood tests, and tests on the food you have consumed could be conducted to determine the cause of food poisoning.
The treatment for food poisoning is the dependent on the cause of the condition. Treatment for food could include i.) Antibiotics and ii.) Replacement of fluids
Antibiotics could be the medical prescription from your doctor if you have severe symptoms of food poisoning and have some specific kinds of bacterial food poisoning. Food poisoning as a result of listeria has to be treated with intravenous antibiotics when the affected person visits the hospital for food poisoning treatment. It is advisable to always start treatment for food poisoning early due to the fact that the sooner treatment starts the better for recovery from the condition.
ii.) Replacement of fluids
Electrolytes (minerals like calcium, sodium, and potassium that assist in maintaining the balance of fluids in the body) and fluids that have been lost to diarrhoea and vomiting have to be replaced. Affected persons with persistent vomiting and diarrhoea could have to visit the hospital for food poisoning treatment. At the hospital, salts and fluids can be administered intravenously (through a vein) to treat or avoid dehydration.
In conclusion, adults that have no bloody diarrhoea and fever as well could get relief from medication for food poisoning. Medicine for food poisoning for those in this category includes bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol) or medication loperamide (Imodium A-D). It is important for you to ask your doctor about these drugs for food poisoning before you decide to take them.
The use of home remedies to limit the symptoms associated with food poisoning thus leading to quick recovery from the condition is highly welcomed. These home remedies include:
- Gradually start to eat bland foods such as toast, rice, gelatin, bananas and so on.
- Stay away from nicotine, alcohol, fatty, and spicy or seasoned foods.