Treatment for Pneumonia

Pneumonia generally refers to lung infections that can be caused by some Infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Symptoms of the illness can in form of fever, chills, shortness of breath, coughing that produces phlegm, and chest pain.

Mild Pneumonia can be treated at home with antibiotics and other natural remedies but some chronic cases of pneumonia may require a prompt medical attention. Vaccines can be used to combat some of the popular infectious agents that cause pneumonia.

There many ways to combat pneumonia. But whichever treatment employed depends on some certain conditions such as, the cause of pneumonia, how strong is the symptoms, age of the affected individual and overall health history. Though pneumonia is known to be a deadly illness but most people recover from pneumonia within 1 to 3 weeks.

Pneumonia Diagnosis

Pneumonia can be diagnosed using the following method:

  • Physical examination: the doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your lungs, to check for signs like bubbling, crackling, wheezing and rumbling sounds when you breathe in.
  • Chest X-ray this may be required to confirm a case of pneumonia in your lungs and usually, this comes after a physical

Some other tests that may be needed include:

  • Blood test to check out the white blood cell count and to try to confirm presence of germ in your blood
  • Arterial blood gases to check if lungs are pumping enough blood to your blood
  • CAT (CT) usually needed to scan and have a better view of the lungs
  • Sputum tests to check for the type of organism causing your symptoms
  • Pleural fluid culture to know if there is a presence of fluid in the space around the lungs
  • Pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is pumped into your bloodstream, and its carry out by simply attaching a small clip to your finger for a brief time
  • Bronchoscopy, a measure used to check into the lungs’ air passage, this will be performed if antibiotics is not working for you

Treatment for Pneumonia

Pneumonia treatment depends on the type of pneumonia you have and how chronic it is. While most people can respond well to home treatment others while have to be taken to a medical doctor for proper treatment.

For mild pneumonia the following tips can be of great help to alleviate the symptoms:

  • Drink lot of fluids as this helps to loosen secretions and produce more phlegm.
  • Rest more; get other to help you do the household chores.
  • Take Paracetamol, ibuprofen, naproxen or acetaminophen. To get rid of fever
  • Take enough antibiotics as prescribed

Types of Pneumonia

Pneumonia can be caused by either bacteria or viruses in a case where it is caused by viruses its called viral pneumonia and where it is caused by bacteria, it is referred to as bacterial pneumonia

Viral Pneumonia

Antibiotics usually don’t work for viral pneumonia, however, your doctor may employ some antiviral medication to make you feel better. Viral pneumonia usually reduces within 1 to 3 weeks.

Bacterial Pneumonia

People with mild pneumonia mostly look healthy and are sometimes treated with oral macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erythromycin) to cure the symptoms.

Pneumonia Prevention

The following steps can help to prevent pneumonia:

  • Ensure you Breastfeed your baby for more than four months to help boost their immune system
  • Keep you kid away from second hand smoke
  • Ensure your home is well ventilated and warm
  • Get your kids vaccinated against pneumococcal disease, Haemophilus influenza type b, whooping cough, and influenza
  • Encourage regular and thorough hand-washing
  • Avoiding contact with people who are suffering from flu, colds, or other infections

Top 10 Home Remedies For Cough

Cough

Coughing is widely regarded as one of the most popular health problems. It arises when the brain prompts the body to cough out so as to remove the foreign material that it thinks was present. This ‘perceived’ foreign material is an irritant or blockage in the throat or upper air passages. The condition can also be caused by flu, common cold, viral infection, and health or smoking problems like tuberculosis, lung cancer, and asthma.

Some of the symptoms associated with the condition include chest pain, congestion, and itchy throat. Coughing can be involuntary or deliberate in addition to being a sign of serious illness though it will disappear with time in the absence of medical attention. Here are some of the facts about coughs:

1. There is a wide array of potential causes of a cough

2. A chest x-ray could be the answer if a cough proves difficult to diagnose

3. Germs make use of coughs to spread to new hosts

4. Some cough types are only present at night

5. Home cough remedies can soothe most cases

Cough Reflex PhasesCough

1st phase – An Inhalation (Breathing In)

2nd phase – Increased pressure in the lungs and throats with the vocal cord shut

3rd phase – Intense release of air accompanied by the opening of the vocal cord thus giving cough its characteristic sound

Cough classification

1. An acute cough – This class of a cough suddenly starts for a duration of around 3 weeks. It can be divided into infectious (caused by an infection) and non-infectious causes. Infectious causes include pneumonia, sinus infections, whooping cough, viral upper respiratory infections (the common cold) while non-infectious causes include asthma, chronic bronchitis, environmental allergies, and emphysema

2. A subacute cough – This cough class persists for about 3 to 8 weeks

3. A chronic cough – This cough persists for over 8 weeks

4. A dry cough – A cough that is accompanied by nothing

5. A nocturnal cough – Happens only at night

Remedies

Natural remedies for a cough are highly efficient and effective when it comes to treating the coughing condition. Let’s take a look at the top 10 home remedies for a cough:

1. Lemon

Lemons possess inflammation reduction properties in addition to providing a dose of infection-fighting vitamin C thus they are useful in treating coughs in different ways.

Application: cough- i.) Blend lemon juice, a little cayenne pepper, and a little honey together. Drink the mixture thereafter. ii.) You can produce a simple cough syrup via this combination (one tablespoon of honey + two tablespoons of lemon juice). Drink this syrup on a number of times daily.

2. Onions

A simple home remedy for a cough is the cutting of onions so that the affected individual can inhale the strong vapors.

Application: i.) You can produce a solution with the combination of one teaspoon of pure honey and one-half teaspoon of onion juice. Drink the mixture twice on a daily basis to cure that cough. ii.) You can produce a cough syrup from comfrey tea, honey, and baked onion juice. Drink it on a daily basis to alleviate and liberate you a cough.

3. Garlic

It has antimicrobial and antibacterial components that assist with treating of a cough.

Application: i.) Garlic can be used in your cooking. Take a clove of crushed garlic alongside some honey and some drops of clove oil. ii.) Add a teaspoon of clove oil to two cloves of garlic that has already been boiled. You can drink after you have allowed the hot mixture to cool down.

4. Turmeric

The herb turmeric is one of the most effective home remedies for a cough, most especially a dry cough.

5. Ginger

This is regarded as one of the most common natural remedies for a cough.

Application: i.) Chew fresh raw ginger on a daily basis to help alleviate or reduce that cough. ii.) Crush ginger gently after cutting into little slices. Add them into a cup of water and boil. Take the mixture around three to four times daily though it is essential to point out that you can add honey and lemon juice.

6. Hot Milk with Honey

Hot milk and honey can also be employed in the battle to treat coughs especially if you take it before going to bed. It can cure a dry cough in addition to reducing the chest pain associated with constant coughing.

7. Carrot Juice

Carrots contain a lot of vitamins and nutrients that could alleviate symptoms associated with coughing.

8. Cayenne

This is stimulating and warming as it assists with the reduction of the chest pain that is caused by constant coughing.

9. Almonds

They have nutritional properties that play an active role in the battle to cure a cough and its symptoms

10. Grapes

Grapes represent one of the natural remedies for a cough. You can eat grapes in their raw form or make some fresh grape juice from them.